Template:Infobox Law enforcement agency

The Administrative Department of Security (Template:Lang-es, DAS) is the Security Service agency of Colombia. This agency is also responsible for the immigration service of Colombia.

Activities Edit

Its role is tasked in several areas, as it is responsible for providing security to state institutions and personalities, providing judiciary police services and serving as a counterintelligence service to both external and internal threats. DAS in addition has the purposes of immigration control including issuing visas.

Article 38 of Decree 218 from 2000 states that all employees of DAS have the function of intelligence agents. DAS works with the DEA, an American agency against drugs. DAS currently is working against drug industry-related traffickers, guerillas and paramilitaries in Colombia.

History Edit

The events that followed Jorge Eliécer Gaitán's assassination provoked a violent riot in Bogotá, now known as the Bogotazo, which also started a further ten years of violence in all of Colombia known in Colombian history as La Violencia. This events also brought in a Military Government headed by General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla. Whitin the policies that were implemented by this Government was the creation, by means of Presidential Decree 2872 of 1953, of an administrative department known as the Colombian Administrative Department of Intelligence Services, (SIC)[1][2]. This department was in charge of Internal and External Intelligence and was created with the purpose of having an agency within the framework of the State to handle matters of intelligence, security and Constitutional enforcement.

President Alberto Lleras Camargo changed the course of the SIC when he issued the Decree 1717 of 18 July 1960, substituting the SIC with the Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad (DAS), or Administrative Department of Security[1][2].

The functions of the DAS were laid out by means of Decree 512 of 1989, passed during the administration of President Virgilio Barco Vargas[3]. The DAS formally became the Security Organization of the State as an official, technical, professional and apolitical institution during the administration of President César Gaviria Trujillo, by means of Decree 2110 of 1992[2].

During the administration of President Andrés Pastrana Arango and in compliance with the State Reform brought on by Law 489 of 1998, the Decrees 218 of 2000, and 1272 of 2000 modified the structure of the DAS, giving the DAS the same parameters, privileges and flexibility of a State Government Ministry[2].

The bombing Edit

Main article: DAS Building bombing

On December 6, 1989, at 7:30 AM, the Medellín Cartel detonated a bus loaded with 1,100 pounds of explosives directly in front of the headquarters building in downtown Bogotá. The explosion left 49 dead, 600 wounded and hundreds of retail outlets completely destroyed. After the bombing of Avianca Flight 203, it is considered to be the second worst terrorist act in the history of Colombia. It was also the second time the cartel attempted - unsuccessfully - to kill DAS director, Miguel Maza Marquez using an explosive device, the first one being on May 30, 1989, which left 4 dead and 37 wounded.

Scandals Edit

Template:See also Members of DAS have been previously accused of interacting with left-wing guerrillas, right-wing paramilitary, drug dealers and smugglers, among others.

In October 2005 , the content of a tape arguably containing a conversation between Special Intelligence Group Director Enrique Ariza and other DAS members, apparently discussing plans to create an intelligence office with financing from illegal paramilitary groups, was published in the Colombian press. Unspecified sources accused Vice-Director José Miguel Narváez of allegedly leaking this tape as part of a setup in order to discredit DAS Director Jorge Noguera. Director Noguera resigned and Narváez was removed from command[4].

Subsequently, Andrés Peñate was selected as the new DAS Director, together with the announcement of polygraph tests for DAS personnel and the creation of a commission tasked with proposing reforms and a restructuring of the DAS[5].

Between January and March 2006 , new allegations came to light about DAS-paramilitary relations and former Director Noguera's potential involvement.President Uribe publicly asked Noguera to appear before the Attorney General's office, but Noguera refused alleging economic and security reasons. Noguera was then acting Consul in Milan, Italy[6]. He later resigned, returned to the country and appeared before judicial authorities. On February 22, 2007 Noguera was arrested, accused of having ties to paramilitaries[7].

On June 11, 2008, the Colombian Supreme Court ordered the immediate release of Jorge Noguera[8]. According to the José Alvear Restrepo Lawyers’ Collective, Noguera was only released to due to procedural defects; however the charges against him, conspiracy to commit a crime, misuse of authority through an arbitrary and unjust act, and improper use of classified or secret information, may still be prosecuted[9].

On October 24, 2008 the head of the DAS Maria del Pilar Hurtado stepped down from her post after allegations that the agency had conducted surveillance on Senator Gustavo Petro and other left-wing political opponents of President Álvaro Uribe Vélez[10]. The incident has been dubbed The Colombian Watergate[11], in reference to the Watergate scandal in the United States involving President Richard Nixon and wiretapping. the The allegations were later admitted to be true after some internal memos were anonymously received by Senator Petro. One ordered that information be gathered on Petro's "contacts with people who offer to testify against the government."[12]. Hurtado said that she at no time had received or given any instructions linked to the incidents that were made public, and that she was stepping down to preserve the honour of the agency.

President Uribe made Joaquín Polo Montalvo the subdirector of DAS the new acting director[13].

See also Edit

At a meeting in Bogota with a Justice for Colombia ( delegation on 22 Jul 10, President-elect Santos said he would abolish the DAS.

Notes Edit

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External links Edit

Template:Coord Template:Military of Colombiaes:Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad fr:Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad

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